Sports performance is exactly what it sounds like. It is training designed specifically to improve an individual’s performance within their sport, including any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. This means that endurance exercise adheres strictly to the principle of specificity: the body will adapt in direct relation to the stressors placed on it. So, move, eat, rest, repeat makes for a decent training plan, up to a point. However, if you want to maximize your performance gains, eventually you need to train smarter: smarter movement, smarter eating and smarter recovery. Believe it or not, this advice works for aspiring athletes, man’s best friend – the dog, and farmed aquatic animals (fish and shrimp) alike.